- Without is defined as outside of, free from or not with.
An example of without used as an adverb is in the sentence, "Please walk down the hall without talking," which means that there is to be no talking while walking down the hall.
- Without means unless.
An example of without used as a conjunction is in the sentence, "She will not get married without her father provides his blessing."
- on the outside; externally
- outside a building or place; out-of-doors
Origin of withoutMiddle English withuten ; from Old English withutan ; from with, with + utan, from outside, without ; from ut, out
- Now Rare at, on, to, or toward the outside of: throngs within and without the city walls
- Archaic beyond: without his reach
- not with; lacking; not accompanied by: a shirt without buttons, lonely without her
- free from: without fear
- with avoidance of: to pass by without speaking
- Obs. besides
- On the outside: a sturdy structure within and without.
- With something absent or lacking: had to do without.
- a. Not having; lacking: a family without a car.b. Not accompanied by; in the absence of: volunteered without hesitation; spoke without thinking.
- At, on, to, or toward the outside or exterior of: standing without the door.
Origin of withoutMiddle English withoute, from Old English with&umacron;tan : with, with; see with + &umacron;tan, from without (from &umacron;t, out; see out).
(comparative more without, superlative most without)
- (archaic or literary) Outside of, beyond.
- The snow was swirling without the cottage, but it was warm within.
- Not having, containing, characteristic of, etc.
- It was a mistake to leave my house without a coat.
- Not doing or not having done something.
- He likes to eat everything without sharing.
- He shot without warning anyone.
From Late Old English wiÃ¾Å«tan. with- +"Ž out